Phenology bibliography

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References are listed alphabetically by first author, then second and then date of publication.

Please send additional reference citations to Astrid van Meeuwen

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Allen, R. B. and Lee, W. G. (1992). "Fruit Selection by Birds in Relation to Fruit Abundance and Appearance in the Naturalized Shrub Berberis-Darwinii." New Zealand Journal of Botany 30(2): 121-124.

Allen, R. B. and Wilson, J. B. (1992). "Fruit and Seed Production in Berberis-Darwinii Hook, a Shrub Recently Naturalized in New-Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 30(1): 45-55.

Alley, J. C., Fitzgerald, B. M., Berben, P. H. and Haslet, S. J. (1998). "Annual and seasonal patterns of litter-fall of hard beech (Nothofagus truncata) and silver beech (Nothofagus menziesii) in relation to reproduction." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 36: 453-464.

Anderson, S. (1997). "Changes in native ecosystem processes.  The dynamics of pollination and dispersal in New Zealand forests." MSc Thesis, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland: 171

Arkins, A. M., Winnington, A. P., Anderson, S. and Clout, M. N. (1999). "Diet and nectarivorous foraging behaviour of the short-tailed bat (Mystacina tuberculata)." Journal of Zoology 247: 183-187.

Armstrong, D. P. and Perrott, J. K. (2000). "An experiment testing whether condition and survival are limited by food supply in a reintroduced Hihi population." Conservation Biology 14(4): 1171-1181.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Baker, H. G., Baker, I. and Hodges, S. A. (1998). "Sugar composition of nectars and fruits consumed by birds and bats in the tropics and subtropics." Biotropica 30(4): 559-586.

Bannister, P. (1990). "Seed germination in Gaultheria antipoda, G. depressa, and Pernettya macrostigma." New Zealand Journal of Botany 28: 357-358.

Bannister, P., Bibby, T. and Jameson Paula, E. (1996). "An investigation of recalcitrance in seeds of three native New Zealand tree species." New Zealand Journal of Botany 34(4): 583-590.

Bannister, P. and Lee, W. G. (1989). "The frost-resistance of fruits and leaves of some coprosma species in relation to altitude and habitat." New Zealand Journal of Botany 27(3): 477-479.

Barlow Bryan, A. and Schodde, R. (1993). "Bird dispersal of loranthaceous mistletoes to remote Pacific Islands: Symbiosis in default." Beaufortia 43(8): 124-129.

Barrell, P. J., Richardson, T. E. and Gardner, R. C. (1997). "Molecular markers and experimental pollinations reveal self-fertility and high levels of natural inbreeding in the New Zealand endemic tree Vitex lucens (puriri)." New Zealand Journal of Botany 35(4): 535-543.

Bell, R. (1996). "Seed dispersal by kereru (Hemiphaga novaseelandiae) at Wenderholm Regional Park." M.Sc. Thesis, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland: 87+appedices

Best, H. A. and Bellingham, P. J. (1990). "A habitat survey of North Island Kokako in Puketi Forest, Northland." Department of Conservation, Science & Research series, No. 17.

Beveridge, A. E. (1964). "Dispersal and destruction of seed in central North Island podocarp forests." Proceedings of the New Zealand Ecological Society 11: 48-55.  

Beveridge, A. E. (1965). "Durable seedtraps." New Zealand Forest Service Forest Research Institute, Research leaflet 9.

Beveridge, A. E. (1973). "Regeneration of podocarps in a central North Island Forest." New Zealand Journal of Forestry 18: 23-35.

Beveridge, A. E. (1974). "Taraire and tawa." New Zealand's Nature Heritage 3(32): 884-887.

Beveridge, A. E. (1984). "Whirinaki State Forest- A management study in dense podocarp forest." What's New in Forest Research 130.

Beveridge, A. E. and Pardy, G. F. (1980). "Establishing Nursery-Raised Native Trees." What's New in Forest Research 86.

Beveridge, A. E. and van Dorsser, J. C. (1980). "Raising native trees." What's New in Forest Research 85.

Braggins, J. E., Large, M. F. and Mabberley, D. J. (1999). "Sexual arrangements in kohekohe (Dysoxylum spectabile, Meliaceae)." Telopea 8(3): 315-324.

Brockie, R. (1992). "A living New Zealand forest." Auckland, David Bateman. 172 pp.

Brockie, R. E. (1986). "Periodic heavy flowering of New Zealand flax (Phormium, Agavaceae)." New Zealand Journal of Botany 24: 381-386.

Burrows, C. J. (1994). "Fruit types and seed dispersal modes of woody plants in Ahuriri Summit Bush, Port Hills, western Banks Peninsula, Canterbury, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 32(2): 169-181.

Burrows, C. J. (1994). "Fruit, seeds, birds and the forests of Banks Peninsula." New Zealand Natural Sciences 21: 87-107.

Burrows, C. J. (1994). "Seed trapping in Ahuriri Summit Bush Scenic Reserve, Port Hills, Western Banks Peninsula, 1985-86." New Zealand Journal of Botany 32(2): 183-215.

Burrows, C. J. (1995). "Germination behaviour of seeds of the New Zealand species Fuchsia excorticata, Griselinia littoralis, Macropiper excelsum, and Melicytus ramiflorus." New Zealand Journal of Botany 33(1): 131-140.

Burrows, C. J. (1995). "Germination behaviour of the seeds of six New Zealand woody plant species." New Zealand Journal of Botany 33(3): 365-377.

Burrows, C. J. (1996). "Germination behaviour of seeds of the New Zealand woody species Alectryon excelsus, Corynocarpus laevigatus and Kunzea ericoides." New Zealand Journal of Botany 34(4): 489-498.

Burrows, C. J. (1997). "An interglacial macrofossil flora from Schulz Creek, north Westland, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 35(2): 187-194.

Burrows, C. J. (1999a). "Germination behaviour of seeds of the New Zealand woody species Alseuosmia macrophylla, A. pusilla, Cordyline banksii, Geniostoma rupestre, Myrtus bullata, and Solanum aviculare." New Zealand Journal of Botany 37(2): 277-287.

Burrows, C. J. (1999b). "Germination behaviour of seeds of the New Zealand woody species Beilschmiedia tawa, Dysoxylum spectabile, Griselinia lucida, and Weinmannia racemosa." New Zealand Journal of Botany 37(1): 95-105.

Burrows, C. J. and Lord, J. M. (1993). "Recent colonisation by Nothofagus fusca at Cass, Canterbury." New Zealand Journal of Botany 31(2): 139-146.

Burrows, C. J., Randall, P., Moar, N. T. and Butterfield, B. G. (1993). "Aranuian vegetation history of the Arrowsmith Range, Canterbury, New Zealand: III. Vegetation changes in the Cameron, upper South Ashburton, and Paddle Hill Creek catchments." New Zealand Journal of Botany 31(2): 147-174.

Bussell, M. R. (1988). "Mid and Late Holocene Pollen Diagrams and Polynesian Deforestation Wanganui District New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 26(3): 431-452.

Bussell, M. R. (1993). "A late Pleistocene vegetational and climatic history of part oxygen isotope stage 5, Ararata, south Taranaki, New Zealand." Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 23(2): 129-145.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Carlaw, G. B. (1997). "A comparative study of the effects of possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) browse on pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa)." MSc, University of Auckland

Castro, I. (1995). "Behavioural ecology and management of hihi (Notiomystis cincta), an endemic New Zealand honeyeater." PhD Thesis, Ecology, Massy University, Palmerston North: 111

Castro, I. and Robertson, A., W. (1997). "Honeyeaters and the New Zealand forest flora: The utilisation and profitability of small flowers." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21(2): 169-179.

Caughley, G. (1989). "New Zealand plant-herbivore systems: past and present." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 12(supplement): 3-10.

Clarkson, B. D. and Clarkson, B. R. (1994). "Ecology of an elusive endemic shrub, Pittosporum obcordatum Raoul." New Zealand Journal of Botany 32(2): 155-168.

Clout, M. N. and Hay, J. R. (1989). "The importance of birds as browsers, pollinators and seed dispersers in New Zealand forests." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 12 (supplement): 27-33.

Clout, M. N. and Tilley, J. A. V. (1992). "Germination of miro (Prumnopitys ferruginea) seeds after consumption by New Zealand pigeons (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae)." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 30: 25-28.

Clout, M. N., Karl, B. J. and Gaze, P. D. (1991). "Seasonal movements of New Zealand pigeons from a lowland forest reserve." Notornis 38(1): 37-47.

Clout, M. N., Karl, B. J., Pierce, R. J. and Robertson, H. A. (1995). "Breeding and Survival of New-Zealand Pigeons Hemiphaga- Novaeseelandiae." Ibis 137(2): 264-271.

Coleman, J. D., Green, W. Q. and Polson, J. G. (1985). "Diet of brushtail possums over a pasture-alpine gradient in Westland, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 8: 21-35.

Court, A. J. (1985). "Aspects of the ecology of Dysoxylum spectabile." MSc Thesis, Department of Botany, University of Auckland, Auckland: 169

Court, A. J. and Mitchell, N. D. (1988). "The germination ecology of Dysoxylum spectabile  (Meliaceae)." New Zealand Journal of Botany 26(1): 1-6.

Court, A. J. and Mitchell, N. D. (1989). "The growth responses of Dysoxylum spectabile  (Meliaceae) to a shaded environment." New Zealand Journal of Botany 27(3): 353-357.

Cowan, P. E. (1990). "Fruits, seeds, and flowers in the diet of brushtail possums Trichosurus vulpecula in lowland podocarp/mixed hardwood forest, Orongorongo Valley, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Zoology 17(4): 549-566.

Cowan, P. E. (1991). "Effects of introduced Australian brushtail possums (Trichosurus vulpecula) on the fruiting of the endemic New Zealand nikau palm (Rhopalostylis sapida)." New Zealand Journal of Botany 29(1): 91-93.

Cowan, P. E. and Petersen, G. V. (1991). "The ecological effects of possums on the New Zealand environment." Symposium on tuberculosis, Palmerston North Massey University. 73-88.

Cowan, P. E. and Waddington, D. C. (1990). "Suppression of fruit production of the endemic forest tree, Elaeocarpus dentatus, by introduced marsupial brushtail possums, Trichosurus vulpecula." New Zealand Journal of Botany 28(3): 217-224.

Craig, J. L. (1989). "A differential response to self pollination: seed size in Phormium." New Zealand Journal of Botany 27: 583-586.

Craig, J. L. and Stewart, A. M. (1988). "Reproductive biology of Phormium tenax: a honeyeater pollinated species." New Zealand Journal of Botany 26: 453-463.

Craig, J., Anderson, S., Clout, M., Creese, B., Mitchell, N., Ogden, J., Roberts, M. and Ussher, G. (2000). "Conservation issues in New Zealand." Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 31: 61-78.

Crookes, M. (1926). "Plant life in Maoriland.  A botanist's Note Book." Auckland, Whitcombe & Tombs Limited. 23-26 pp.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Dickison, M. (1997). "Molecular and morphological phylogenies of the ratites: the implications for moa and kiwi evolution."

Dijkgraaf, A. C. (1994). "Propagation and timber potential of puriri (Vitex lucens)." MSc Thesis, Environmental Science and School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland: 154

Dijkgraaf, A. C. (2002). "Phenology and frugivory of large-fruited species in northern New Zealand and the impacts of introduced mammals." PhD Thesis, School of Biological Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland: 413

Dijkgraaf, A. C., Lewis, G. D. and Mitchell, N. D. (1995). "Chromosome number of the New Zealand puriri, Vitex lucens Kirk." New Zealand Journal of Botany 33: 425-426.

Dykgraaf, A. C. (1992). "Princely puriri." New Zealand Geographic(13): 102-117.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ecroyd, C. E. (1996). "The ecology of Dactylanthus taylorii and threats to its survival." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 20(1): 81-100.

Eklund, H. (2000). "Lauraceous flowers from the late Cretaceous of North Carolina, U.S.A." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 132: 397-428.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Fitzgerald, A. E. (1976). "Diet of the opossum Trichosurus vulpecula in the Orongorongo Valley, Wellington, New Zealand, in relation to food-plant availability." New Zealand Journal of Zoology 3(4): 399-419.

Fitzgerald, A. E. (1984). "Diet overlap between kokako and the common brushtail possum in central North Island, New Zealand." Possums and Gliders. Smith, A. P. and Hume, I. D., (Eds.), Chipping Norton, N.S.W., Surrey Beatty & Sons and Australian Mammal Society: 569-573.

Fitzgerald, A. E. and Wardle, P. (1979). "Food of the opossum Trichosurus Vulpecula (Kerr) in the Waiho Valley, South Westland." New Zealand Journal of Zoology 6(2): 339-345.

Fountain, D. W. and Couchman, K. (1984). "Volatiles from ripe fruits of karaka Corynocarpus laevigatus." New Zealand Journal of Botany 22(3): 341-344.

Fountain, D. W., Holdsworth, J. M. and Outred, H. A. (1989). "The dispersal unit of Dacrycarpus dacrydioides (A. Rich.) de Laubenfels (Podocarpacea) and the significance of the fleshy receptacle." Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 99: 197-207.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Gardner, R. O. (1975). "A survey of the distribution of binucleate and trinucleate pollen in the New Zealand flora." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 13: 361-366.

Gardner, R. O. (1996). "Fruit and seed of Beilschmiedia (Lauraceae) in New Zealand." Blumea 41(1): 245-250.

Gardner, R. O. and Early, J. W. (1996). "The naturalisation of banyan figs (Ficus spp., Moraceae) and their pollinating wasps (Hymenoptera: Agaonidae) in New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 34(1): 103-110.

GarnockJones, P. J., Timmerman, G. M. and Wagstaff, S. J. (1996). "Unknown New Zealand angiosperm assigned to Cunoniaceae using sequence of the chloroplast rbcL gene." Plant Systematics and Evolution 202(3-4): 211-218.

Giles, S. and Lill, A. (1999). "The effect of fruit abundance, conspicuousness and sugar concentration on fruit colour choice by captive silvereyes." Ethology Ecology & Evolution 11(3): 229-242.

Godley, E. J. (1971). "The fruit of Vitex lucens (Verbenaceae)." New Zealand Journal of Botany 9: 561-568.

Godley, E. J. (1979). "Flower biology in New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 17: 441-446.

Godley, E. J. and Berry, P. E. (1995). "The biology and systematics of fuchsia in the South Pacific [Review]." Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 82(4): 473-516.

Green, W. Q. (1984). "A review of the ecological studies relevant to management of the common brushtail possum." Possums and Gliders. Smith, A. P. and Hume, I. D., (Eds.), Chipping Norton, N.S.W., Surrey Beatty & Sons and Australian Mammal Society: 483-499.

Green, W. Q. and Coleman, J. D. (1984). "Response of a brush-tailed possum population to intensive trapping." New Zealand Journal of Zoology 11(3): 319-328.

Greene, T. (1994). "Wenderholm Regional Park rodent control 1993 - 1994." Auckland Regional Parks Service, ARC Parks Technical Pulbication Series, 4.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Haase, P. (1993). "Genetic variation, gene flow, and the 'founder effect' in pioneer populations of Nothofagus menziesii (Fagaceae), South Island, New Zealand." Journal of Biogeography 20(1): 79-85.

Heads, M. (2000). "A new species of Hoheria (Malvaceae) from the Poor Knights Islands and Hen and Chickens Islands, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 38(3): 373-377.

Horrocks, M. and Ogden, J. (1998). "Fine resolution palynology of Erua Swamp, Tongaririo, New Zealand, since the Taupo Tephra eruption of c. 1718 B.P." New Zealand Journal of Botany 36(2): 285-293.

Horrocks, M. and Ogden, J. (1998). "Fine resolution palynology of Gibsons' Swamp, central North Island, New Zealand, since c. 13 000 B.P." New Zealand Journal of Botany 36(2): 273-283.

Hosking, G. P. and Hutcheson, J. A. (1993). "Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) health and phenology in relation to possums (Trichosursus vulpecula) and other damaging agents." New Zealand Journal of Forestry Science 23(1): 49-61.  

Hurr, K. A., Lockhart, P., J., Heenan, P. B. and Penny, D. (1999). "Evidence for the recent dispersal of Sophora (Leguminosae) around the Southern Oceans: molecular data." Journal of Biogeography 26(3): 565-577.

Huryn, V. M. B. (1995). "Use of native New Zealand plants by honey bees (Apis mellifera l) - a review." New Zealand Journal of Botany 33(4): 497-512.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Kelly, D. (1994). "The evolutionary ecology of mast seeding." Trends in Ecology & Evolution 9(12): 465-470.

Kelly, D., McKone, M. J., Batchelor, K. J. and Spence, J. R. (1992). "Mast seeding of Chionochloa (Poaceae) and pre-dispersal seed predation by a specialist fly (Diplotoxa, Diptera: Chloropidae)." New Zealand Journal of Botany 30: 125-133.  

Kelly, D., Harrison, A. L., Lee, W. G., Payton, I. J., Wilson, P. R. and Schauber, E. M. (2000a). "Predator satiation and extreme mast seeding in 11 species of Chionochloa (Poaceae)." Oikos 90: 477-488.

Kelly, D., Hart, D. E. and Allen, R. B. (2001). "Evaluating the wind-pollination benefits of mast seeding." Ecology 82: 117-126.

Kelly, D., Ladley, J. J., Robertson, A. W. and Norton, D. A. (2000b). "Limited forest fragmentation improves reproduction in the declining New Zealand mistletoe Peraxilla tetrapetala (Loranthaceae)." Genetics, demography and viability of fragmented populations. Young, A. G. and Clarke, G. M., (Eds.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press: 241-252.  

Kelly, D. and Sork, V. L. (2002). "Mast seeding in perennial plants: why, how, where?" Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33: 427447.

Keogh, J. A. and Bannister, P. (1993). "Transoceanic dispersal in the amphiantarctic genus Discaria: An evaluation." New Zealand Journal of Botany 31(4): 427-430.

Kerle, J. A. (1984). "Variation in the ecology of Trichosurus: its adaptive significance." Possums and Gliders. Smith, A. P. and Hume, I. D., (Eds.), Chipping Norton, N.S.W., Surrey Beatty & Sons and Australian Mammal Society: 115-128.

King, C. M. and Moller, H. (1997). "Distribution and response of rats, Rattus rattus, R. exulans to seedfall in New Zealand beech forests." Pacific Conservation Biology 3: 143-155.

Kjellsson, G. (1985). "Seed fall and phenological overlap in a guild of ant-dispersed herbs." Oecologia 68(1): 140-146.

Kjellsson, G. (1985). "Seed fate in a population of Carex pilulifera L. I. Seed dispersal and ant-seed mutualism." Oecologia 67(3): 416-423.

Kjellsson, G. (1985). "Seed fate in population of Carex pilulifera L. II. Seed predation and its consequences for dispersal and seed bank." Oecologia 67(3): 424-429.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Ladley, J. J. and Kelly, D. (1996). "Dispersal, germination and survival of New Zealand mistletoes (Loranthaceae): dependence on birds." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 21(1): 69-79.

Large, M. F. and Mabberley, D. J. (1995). "An assessment of pollen morphology in the genus Vitex L. (Labiatae)." Grana 34(5): 291-299.

Leathwick, J. R. (1984). "Phenology of some common trees, shrubs, and lianes in four central North Island forests." Forest Research Institute, New Zealand Forest Service, Rotorua, New Zealand, FRI Bulletin, 72.

Leathwick, J. R. and Mitchell, N. D. (1992). "Forest pattern, climate and vulcanism in central North Island, New Zealand." Journal of Vegetation Science 3(5): 603-616.

Lee, W. G., Bastow Wilson, J. and Johnson, P. N. (1988). "Fruit colour in relation to the ecology and habit of Coprosma (Rubiaceae) species in New Zealand." Oikos 53: 325-331.

Lee, W. G., Clout, M. N., Robertson, H. A. and Wilson, J. B. (1991a). "Avian dispersers and fleshy fruits in New Zealand." Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, Clout, M. N. and Paton, D. C., (Eds.), New Zealand ornithological congress trust board. 1617-1623.

Lee, W. G., Dijkgraaf, A. C. and Kelly, D. (1997). "Monitoring key food species of kakapo and predicting mast seed years." Landcare Research, Dunedin, Contract Research Report, LC9798/028.

Lee, W. G., Grubb, P. J. and Wilson, J. B. (1991b). "Patterns of resource allocation in fleshy fruits of nine European tall-shrub species." Oikos 61(3): 307-315.

Lee, W. G., Hodgkinson, I. J. and Johnson, P. N. (1990). "A test for ultraviolet reflectance from fleshy fruits of New Zealand plant species." New Zealand Journal of Botany 28(1): 21-24.

Lee, W. G., Macmillan, B. H., Partridge, T. R., Lister, R. and Lloyd, K. M. (2001). "Fruit features in relation to the ecology and distribution of Acaena (Rosaceae) species in New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Ecology 25(1): 17-27.

Lee, W. G., Weatherall, I. L. and Wilson, J. B. (1994). "Fruit conspicuousness in some New Zealand Coprosma (Rubiaceae) species." Oikos 69(1): 87-94.

Lees, C. M. (1986). "Late Quaternary Palynology of the Southern Ruahine Range North Island New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 24(2): 315-330.

Levey, D. J. (1991). "Digestive processing of fruits and its consequences for fruit-frugivore coevolution." Acta XX Congressus Internationalis Ornithologici, Clout, M. N. and Paton, D. C., (Eds.), New Zealand ornithological congress trust board. 1624-1625.

Lidgard, L. H. (1930). "An investigation of the Puriri (Vitex lucens, Kirk)." MSc Thesis, Botany, Auckland University College, Auckland: 122 p. tables 26 cm.

Lord, J. M. (1991). "Pollination and seed dispersal in Freycinetia baureriana, a dioecious liane that has lost its bat pollinator." New Zealand Journal of Botany 29: 83-86.  

Lord, J. (1999). "Fleshy-fruitedness in the New Zealand flora." Journal of Biogeography 26(6): 1249-1253.

Lord, J. M., Markey, A. and Marshall, J. (2002). "Have frugivores influenced the evolution of fruit traits in New Zealand?" Seed dispersal and Frugivory: Ecology, Evolution and Conservation. Levey, D., Silva, W. R. and Galetti, M., (Eds.), Wallingford, Oxfordshire, U.K., CABI Publishing.

Lovegrove, T. (1988). "Counts of forest birds on Kapiti Island ." Department of Conservation, Wanganui, Report to the Wellington Regional Offices: 15.

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

Mack, R. N., Simberloff, D., Lonsdale, W. M., Evans, H., Clout, M. and Bazzaz, F. A. (2000). "Biotic invasions: Causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control." Ecological Applications 10(3): 689-710.

Macphail, M. K. (1980). "Fossil and modern Beilschmiedia (Lauraceae) pollen in New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 18(4): 453-458.

MacPhail, M. K. (1997). "Comment on M. Pole (1994): 'The New Zealand flora - entirely long-distance dispersal?'" Journal of Biogeography 24: 113-117.

Majak, W. and Benn, M. (1994). "Additional esters of 3-nitropropanoic acid and glucose from fruit of the New Zealand karaka tree, Corynocarpus laevigatus." Phytochemistry 35(4): 901-903.  

Mander, C., Hay, R. and Powlesland, R. G. (1998). "Monitoring and management of kereru (Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae)." Department of Conservation, Wellington , Department of Conservation Technical Series, 15: 44 .

Martin, W. (1961). "The flora of New Zealand." Christchurch, New Zealand, Whitcombe and Tombs Ltd.: 335 pp.

Mason, R. (1958). "Foods of the Australian opossum (Trichosurus vulpecula Kerr) in New Zealand indigenous forest in the Orongorongo Valley, Wellington." New Zealand Journal of Science 1(4): 590-613.

McFadden, I. (1992). "Eradication of kiore (Rattus exulans) from Double Island, Mercury group, in northern New Zealand." Department of Conservation, Science & Research Internal Report, No. 130.

McGlone Matt, S. and Wilson Hugh, D. (1996). "Holocene vegetation and climate of Stewart Island, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 34(3): 369-388.

McGlone, M. S. and Neall, V. E. (1994). "The late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation history of Taranaki, North Island, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Botany 32(3): 251-269.

McGlone, M. S., Mark, A. F. and Bell, D. (1995). "Late Pleistocene and Holocene vegetation history, central Otago, South Island, New Zealand." Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 25(1): 1-22.

McGlone, M. S., Moar, N. T., Wardle, P. and Meurk, C. D. (1997). "Late-glacial and Holocene vegetation and environment of Campbell Island, far southern New Zealand." Holocene 7(1): 1-12.

McKone, M. J., Kelly, D. and Lee, W. G. (1998). "Effect of climate change on mast-seeding species: frequency of mass flowering and escape from specialist insect seed predators." Global Change Biology 4(6): 591-596.

Mildenhall, D. C. (1979). "Holocene pollen diagrams from Pauatahanui Inlet, Porirua, New Zealand." New Zealand Journal of Geology & Geophysics 22(5): 585-592.

Mills, J. A., Lavers, R. B., Lee, W. G. and Mara, M. K. (1991). "Food Selection by Takahe Notornis-Mantelli in Relation to Chemical-Composition." Ornis Scandinavica 22(2): 111-128.

Mills, J. A., Lavers, R. B., Lee, W. G. and Mara, M. K. (1991). "Food selection by takahe Notornis mantelli in relation to chemical-composition." Ornis Scandinavica 22(2): 111-128.

Mitchell, A. D. and Heenan, P. B. (2000). "Systematic relationships of New Zealand endemic Brassicaceae inferred from nrDNA ITS sequence data." Systematic Botany 25(1): 98-105.

Moar, N. T. and Suggate, R. P. (1979). "Contributions to the quaternary history of the New Zealand flora: 8. Interglacial and glacial vegetation in the Westport district, South Island." New Zealand Journal of Botany 17(3): 361-388.

Moles, A. T. and Drake, D. R. (1999). "Post-dispersal seed predation on eleven large-seeded species from the New Zealand flora: a preliminary study in secondary forest." New Zealand Journal of Botany 37(4): 679-685.

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